Here are some commentaries I work through (some in more thorough ways than others) as I preach through 1 Timothy. At the end, I’ll bullet point a few things that I’m learning. Keep in mind that, at this time, I would have only finished chapter 1.
Mounce, William D. Pastoral Epistles. World Biblical Commentary, volume 46. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 2000.
Marshall, I. Howard. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Pastoral Epistles. New York, NY: T&T Clark, 1999.
Knight III, George W. The Pastoral Epistles: A Commentary on the Greek Text. The New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing, 1992.
Perkins, Larry J. The Pastoral Epistles: A Handbook on the Greek Text. The Baylor Handbook on the Greek New Testament. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2017.
Towner, Philip H. The Letters to Timothy and Titus. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing, 2006.
Kitchen, John. The Pastoral Epistles for Pastors. The Woodlands, TX: Kress Christian Publications, 2009.
Thomas, Robert L. Exegetical Digest of First Timothy. Edited by Kelly T. Osborne. Sun Valley, CA: The Master’s Seminary.
Kent Jr., Homer A. The Pastoral Epistles. Revised Edition. Winona Lake, IN: BMH Books, 1986.
Other books I may reference or page through:
- Hiebert, D. Edmond. Second Timothy. Everyman’s Bible Commentary. Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1958.
- Köstenberger, Andreas J. Commentary on 1-2 Timothy & Titus. Biblical Theology for Christian Proclamation. General Editors T. Desmond Alexander, Andreas J. Köstenberger, and Thomas R. Schreiner. Nashville, TN: B&H Publishing Group, 2017.
- Yarbrough, Robert W. The Letters to Timothy and Titus. The Pillar New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing, 2018.
- Burk, Denny. “Pastoral Epistles” in ESV Expository Commentary, Volume 11: Ephesians–Philemon. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2018.
Things I’m learning:
- Major stress on the behaviors of orthodox Christianity and not merely the beliefs of orthodox Christianity.
- There are legitimate threats that are present within all churches.
- There are two ways to ruin a church: (1) bad doctrine and (2) bad behavior. Paul wants to protect both in Ephesus.
- The believer’s natural response to defending the faith is godliness
- Paul’s apologetic against false teachers is his genuine conversion (1:12–17)